In the article the term 'film animation' is considered in relation to non-animated films. Using the theory of Alan Cholodenko, the author tries to define the relation between the movement factor (animation) and the image (photograph, frame) of a film. Through the analysis of a number of pre-cinematographic works he identifies the defining terms of animation. The aim of the article is to answer the questions: What is animation in a non-animated film? Is it correct to talk about animation in the context of a non animated film? If so, then what is its status, and how does the animation manifest itself? The answer to these questions lies in the main thesis of the article: animation is not just a film a film sub-category. It is the film that participates in animation, thus gaining its defining element, that element being movement
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.