The study concentrates on the quantitative and qualitative (content) analysis of counterfactual thinking (CT) in adult women (doctors - pediatricians - n = 25, mean age 35.8; nurses - n = 88, mean age 33.2 years) in the context of selected personality characteristics and ways of (effective) coping with difficult situations in everyday life. CT is studied with the method based on a standardized interview (10 questions), selected personality characteristics with the STPI questionnaire (Spielberger), and coping characteristics with LOQ (Antonovsky) and SM (Pearlin, Schooler) questionnaires. Our findings indicate a lower occurrence of CT associated with higher effectiveness of coping with difficult situations, with higher self-mastery and/or lower anxiety level. The qualitative analysis of demanding situations associated with CT indicates rather their non-specificity.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.