From the very beginning, the raid on Kiev was a subject of political debates and fierce press polemics. Propaganda of political parties resulted directly from federalist concepts of Józef Pilsudski and the way, they were put into practice. The Belvedere party supported the raid. Pilsudski's supporters considered it a realization of projects to weaken Russia, thanks to appearance of independent Ukraine, connected by a treaty with Poland. The raid on Kiev was pictured as a historical mission of Poland in the East. Pilsudski's politics was strongly disapproved by the communist and national democratic press. The democrats were not enthusiastic about the raid. There was a variety of Pilsudski's politics' evaluation in the socialist press. The variety of attitudes towards the raid was also wide among the PSL 'Piast' representatives. The press propaganda of different political parties varied in the course of the raid. It depended mostly on political views on Polish eastern politics and political tendencies. Moreover, it evolved according to the current front line events.
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