The paper aims at analysis of 'the dialectic of the Enlightenment thought'. It tries to answer the question, why many positive and constructive ideas used by societies to explain the world, and especially the social reality, often become unchangeable stereotype dogmas. The author draws on 'The Dialectic of the Enlightenment' by T. W. Adorno and M. Horkheimer, trying to apply their principal thesis on the results of contemporary social-philosophical analyses, represented mainly by the writings of N. Fraser and A. Honeth. He also introduces various aspects of civilisation analysis (J. P. Arnason), as in considering social problematic the globalization has to be taken into account as well.
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