The ideological determination of the changing political regimes of the 20th century led to the ideological support of the concrete types of values. This problem is closely tied with the value systems stability and changes. From the perspective of the definition of value as a basic culture's component, and in the same time as an individual identity's component, the key problem is situated in its social dependency. In the context of the 'contemporary socialist village' ethnographic research, the study of value orientation during the second half of the 20th century Slovak countryside is connected predominantly with the scientific work of Adam Pranda. Pranda studied the value systems of the Slovak villagers from the late 1960s up to the early 1980s. This era could be defined as the period of the 'real existing socialism' stabilization. From the perspective of the modern history of Central Europe, it is closed, specific stage of the countryside transformation, as a consequence of the communist social engineering and the state policy of 'bringing together the town and the countryside'. The analysis of this period from the social science perspective is the key in understanding the problems of the current transformation period. The recent publications concerning the study of values are deeply rooted in the tradition of Central European ethnography and folklore studies, based on the unilinear interpretation of development of the society and culture. The author puts forward the alternative interpretation of value systems stability and changes during the period of real existing socialism, based on the Norbert Elias civilization theory. He submits his statement, that during the 20th century did exist in the Slovak society several systems of norms and values, which have overlapped each other. This thesis is demonstrated using the ethnographic data based on the author's field work from the studied time period.