The article deals with the methodology of art history; based on the interpretation of Pieta by Tadeusz Boruta, it argues the need to analyze how pictorial representation (motifs, forms, colour, texture) is related to the plane of the painting. The multi-layered meaning of Boruta's work emerges from the fact the painting brings to light the inscription of motionless figures in the structure of temporality, where 'before', 'after', and the immediate 'now' of the seeing process are distinguished. This structure sends a message about the essence and mission of the human life of Christ, and the incarnation of God, which is directed at every human being in the Eucharist.
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