While epistemology of the 20th century concentrated on the problems of knowledge justification, logic and meaning of words, during the last decade of the last century and the first years of the 21th century, a number - over seven - of different theories of knowledge creation were proposed, mainly in Japan and Poland. The following theories should be mentioned in this context: first 'Shinayakana Systems Approach' (Sawaragi and Nakamori, 1991), 'Knowledge Creating Organization' (Nonaka and Takeuchi, 1995), and Polish 'rational theory of intuition' (Wierzbicki, 1997) and 'theory of regress' (Motycka, 1998). The present paper forms an attempt at providing a synthesis of such theories, based on the idea of 'creative space' - a generalization of the concept of 'spiral SECI' by Nonaka and Takeuchi with the use of rational theory of intuition and derived from it ontological divisions. The author presents, among others, different spirals of knowledge creation. depending on various circumstances, practical conclusions as regards creativity stimulations and some general conclusions.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.