We examined risk perception and risk taking in decisions made by individuals working for military organizations. Our aim was to test attitudes towards risk through a questionnaire ecologically as valid as possible. The results show that individuals working for military organizations do not underplay the hazards related to their jobs, and view these risks as positive, rather than negative experiences. These exciting situations are considered to be controllable. Uncertainty and unexpectedness, on the other hand, may be a source of stress. Successful task fulfilment proved to be a prime motive: individuals identify with the expectations of the organization. Executives, unlike subordinates use analytic decision-making strategies. However, for lack of time and information, this is often not feasible, and thus recognition-primed decisions are made. Our results confirm the view that in order to examine real situations, a cognitive decision-psychological approach should be supplemented with the principles and methods of decision-making in natural contexts.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.