The paper gives an analysis of the Neo-Kantian philosophy of the 1920s and 1930s, which was a shared philosophical platform for Hartmann and Heidegger. Both philosophers are to be conceived of mainly in the context of Neo-Kantianism, which ends, when the conception of epistemology as prima philosophia is replaced by ontology. While Hartmann conceived of metaphysics through the optics of what remains unknowable in grasping the problems logically, Heidegger saw the metaphysics of that time on the background of the forgetfulness of being.
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