The article deals with the formation of a literary program by one of the most important Polish literary critics, namely, Kazimierz Wyka, in the forties of 20th century. Wyka's daring vision of non-fiction (about 1942), which was supposed to dominate post-war literature is presented here, as well as a gradual shift from it towards contemporary dominant concept of realistic novel (1946-1948). There is also an attempt to answer the question about the reason for the critic's reversal in his views.
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