The article comments on the development of Czech-Rumanian relations from the middle ages to present time. Besides political and diplomatic relations, it deals with economical and cultural contacts between both nations throughout historical events or in relation to significant persons. The key landmarks of mutual relations feature the Hussite engagement in the Rumanian lands, Prince Chrabry's mission to Prague in the early 17th century, contacts between Czech and Rumanian politicians within Austria-Hungary during the 19th century, establishment of a diplomatic relationship in 1919, the Little Entente partnership in the interwar period, break of the diplomatic relationship during World War II and its restoration in 1945, Ceaucescu's refusal to participate in the Warsaw Pact's invasion in August 1968 and finally the significance of Czech-Rumanian relations after 1989 with emphasis on extensive Czech investments in Rumania and bilateral collaboration in culture, science and education. A separate chapter is dedicated to the history of Czech settlement in Rumanian Banat and description of our countrymen's current situation.
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