As late as at the turn of the 20th century a need to create national Spanish music idiom was felt in the country. The composer and musicologist F. Pedrell undertook the mission of establishing the platform for understanding what national Spanish music would or could mean, taking into account both the long musical traditions in Spain and European experiences. The most successful composers considered as representatives of national Spanish music also recruited from Pedrell's students, among them Manuel de Falla, enjoyed international careers.
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