In 1977, the People's Republic of Poland - similarly to other Eastern Bloc countries - became the object of Western criticism for its human right violations. The growing importance of this problem in international relations had to do with the First CSCE Follow-Up Meeting which had just begun in Belgrade and one of whose main subjects was the failure by the 'People's Democracies' to abide by their obligations arising from the provisions of the so-called Third Basket of the Helsinki Final Act. The issue of human rights had little influence on relations between the PRP and the FRG, traditionally seen as the most important front of the struggle for Polish raison d'état. The temporary crisis which arose in those relations was due to fears that the West German side would interpret certain provisions of the 1970 accord in a manner unfavorable for Poland. In an atmosphere of growing tensions between East and West in 1977, Soviet control over Poland's foreign policy visibly increased. The most glaring reflection of this was Moscow's opposition to Warsaw's plans to join the International Monetary Fund.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.