The article contains comments on and the synthesis of literature related to global imbalances. All main hypotheses concerning this phenomenon, potential consequences as well as the discussion on the proposed remedial measures that might be applied to minimize the negative consequences of global imbalances are presented. Original systematization of all rivaling theories, together with the presentation of their strengths and weaknesses, helped the author to formulate two conclusions. Conclusion one: global imbalances cannot be sufficiently explained by the examined hypotheses, although a combination of their selected parts (global savings' glut, investment drought, low saving propensity in the US and precautionary motives to build foreign exchange reserves after the Asian crises) well describe the mechanics of their emergence. Conclusion two: financial markets will play an active role in eliminating global imbalances, however it is difficult to predict when this adjustment will take place; the scope of markets' reaction will be deeper in the absence of proper corrective measures adopted by key stakeholders of the global imbalances. .
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.