Poland's integration with EU may mark the beginning of changes important for the Polish rural community, in the result of which both farmers and rural areas will stop playing the role of convincing examples of 'marginalization' and 'social exclusion'. Such vision will not materialize unless the rural community records a substantial growth in capital - economic, social and human. The authoress tries to diagnose the condition that these three types of capital were in prior to accession and considers the possible role that may be played in their development by the EU's agricultural and structural policy and the attitudes of farmers and rural inhabitants themselves. She also draws attention to the role of 'political capital' that is still being used by farmers for the purpose of lobbying. The results of opinion polls and qualitative surveys quoted by the authoress confirm the correctness of a thesis about the change of the farmers' attitude towards the European Union, but this change does not signify the farmers' resignation from pragmatism and rational assessment of the complex consequences of Poland's accession to EU.
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