The essay discusses a fundamental issue concerning the attitude towards the treatment of animals in terms of scientific experiments: are we able to apply a moral question to these beings? The author examines the logic of the physiologist frame of mind that ignores this question, taking as examples two individuals representing such an approach - the fictional Dr. Moreau from the novel by H. G. Wells and a 19th century scientist, Claude Bernard, who wrote Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine. Rather than answering the question whether we should perform experiments on animals or not, the author insists on ensuring that the moral question about animals is on the agenda.
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