HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE BORROWINGS IN SOCIAL VOCABULARY OF SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO TO THE BEGINNINGS OF 20TH CENTURY (Dzieje i pochodzenie zapozyczen slownictwa z zakresu zycia spolecznego w Serbii i Czarnogórze do poczatku XX wieku )
The article presents the main sources of language borrowings which developed the Serbian vocabulary within the scope of broadly defined social relationships and encompasses the period of time from the main sources of language borrowings till the beginnings of the 20th century. First of all the form of addressing family leaders and the most important family structures, the form of addressing of political, military and church leaders, the nomenclature of social layers' members, officers as well as administration units have been included in the social vocabulary. Except the example of ways such borrowings were included into the Serbian language the article also presents history and politics background and socio-cultural conditioning in which the contacts and inter-language meetings took place. Some medieval borrowings from roman languages (Latin, Dalmatian dialects, and then Romanian) and GreekByzantine, and Turkish have been presented. We have tried to describe a wide stream of Turkish influence (with limited Italian and Albanian influence. Later periods were characterized by: German, Hungarian, Russian and later French. The work constitutes sort of supplement to the article of P. Ivic (Domaci i strani elementi u terminologiji drustvenog, ekonomskog i pravnog zivota u srednjovekovnoj Srbiji as well as Razvoj terminologije u jeziku srednjovekovnikh Srba) which describe the influence of examined lexemes on social lexis, the ways of their adaptation and geography in the Serbian language area including especially history as well as sociopolitical background.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.