The expression from the title has not been an object of a deeper linguistic reflection so far. The author of the paper aims at a precise description of lexical units including the elements 'argumentowac' and 'uargumentowac' (to give arguments), their morphology and meaning, in particular. The applied metod of analysis consists in stating hypotheses in the form of analytical implications and checking their correctness by forming contradictions. The study begins with a critical reflection on the contemporary state of knowledge. The autor suggests his own solutions referring to the research results on predicates of thought and speech. The content of the paper focuses on issues associated with reconstruction of the forms of lexical units (based on segmental and supra-segmental signals) as well as reconstruction of semantic components' hierarchy. The following notions are analyzed here: 'iedziec' (to know), 'mowic' (to speak), 'chciec' (to want) and 'powodowac' (to cause). The author attempts to prove that these elements belong to the semantic structure of the expression under discussion. He also offers an introductory explication of meanings in the notions of the natural semantic meta-language.
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