THE ELECTORAL BORDERS OF THE POLITICAL COMMUNITY ON THE STATE LEVEL AND THE MAIN CRITERIAS OF MEMBERSHIP (Volebne hranice politickeho spolocenstva na statnej urovni a hlavne kriteria definicie clenstva)
The article deals with the electoral borders of the modern (state) communities in Europe after 1989. We are the wittnesses of big changes in the world nowadays. International migration is a very important phenomen of our age, which has an influence on almost every sphere in our life. National electoral regulation is not an exception. This problem has two main aspects - the question of electoral rights for emigrant citizens and the problem of electoral rights for non-citizen immigrants. The main criterias of the definition of political (electoral) membership are the following: the citizenship of the certain state, the residency in the country, and the duration of stay in the old or in the new country. Combination of these parallel criterias play a very important role in the definition of modern political communities. The current article distinguishes between three models of political-electoral communities. In the first model the combination of citizenship and residency is dominant, while in the second model the citizenship and in the third model the duration of stay has an important role too. Finally, the article is concerning with the European, especially with the Central European, so called Visegrad Group countries.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.