By means of the report of 218 Chinese mothers the authors' questionnaire study aimed to investigate integration and social support of Chinese immigrants living in four European countries: Hungary, Germany, Great Britain and Spain, with a special focus on the Hungary group. Compared to the other groups, the Chinese living in Hungary showed a lower degree of local language competence and a lower level of intention to keep in contact with the host groups. On the other hand, they had stronger transnational links with Chinese people in other countries and in China. However, their intention to keep in contact with other Chinese in the host country was not stronger relatively to that of other groups. It even showed a smaller extent compared to the Great Britain group. Among the friends of the children of the Chinese living in Hungary there was a greater proportion of Chinese children than in the other groups. Besides family, school proved to be the most significant source of all types of social support. It was the case for emotional, practical and informational social support in all the four investigated groups. The findings pointed out the important roles of school and education at several levels. The authors' respondents evaluated the general level of integration of the Chinese into the host society less positively than the school integration of Chinese children in the host society. However, the Hungary group saw the latter as less successful than the other groups did. Satisfaction with school and education as well as their predicting factors are also considered in the study.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.