The paper attempts to study the essence of organisational culture, singled out in line with the criteria related to inter organisational collaboration and the competence essential for this collaboration. The paper proposes a new typology of organisational cultures, comprising the following: the culture of avoidance of collaboration, competing culture, collaboration culture and agreement culture. The paper also introduces the notion of an organisation's ability to collaborate and defines it as a particular combination of an organisation's features leading to an efficient achievement of the organisation's goals or contributing to the achievement of these goals to a great extent due to inter-organisational collaboration. Building cooperative advantage is considered as the main condition for achieving this ability. The paper also shows that in practice, the use of organisational collaboration as a management instrument encounters many barriers
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