The thesis advocating a 'bankruptcy' or crisis of experience at the verge of 20th century, as first formulated by W. Benjamin and subsequently reconfirmed several times, aptly identifies a diminishing significance of the traditional concept of experience for the modern time and a modernist literature alike. It does not refer, however, to any other forms of experience, the need and possibility of articulating which having been the focus and source of creativity to certain most outstanding authors in modern literature. This article provides a synthetic characteristic of four main options of such writing quest, including: literature of experiment, literature of internal experience, literature of testimony, and, literature as experience, arguing, in consequence, in favour of validity of consideration of the entire modern literature as a literature of experience (in the modern forms assumed by the latter).
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