HUMAN APPEARANCE IN THE LOANWORDS FROM THE LITHUANIAN LANGUAGE (BASED ON THE MATERIAL OF POLISH DIALECTS IN LITHUANIA) (Zapozyczenia litewskie dotyczace wygladu czlowieka (na materiale gwar polskich na Litwie))
In this article, the vocabulary of the Lithuanian origin concerning human appearance, which can be found in the Polish dialects in Lithuania, is presented. These words describe such physical characteristics as too large or very small stature, bowleggedness, lameness, gibbosity; they are expressive, marked with negative shade. A significant group is also made by lexemes designating separate parts of the body, such as a thigh, a hip, a fist, a finger, genitals etc. In most cases, we deal with borrowings of fixed semantic structure in comparison to their equivalents that are used in Lithuanian. Some greater semantic distinctions can be observed on an example of penetration of the Lithuanian expressions in the Belarus and Russian dialects. It is possible to assert that the only feature accompanying borrowing of Lithuanian expressions in the Polish Language is change of a stylistic pattern. Some lexemes are still actively used (e.g. kurdupel, dylda, dryblas, rozkieraka) and the reason for it may be in the shortage of corresponding lexemes in Polish. In an example of some lexemes, there is an apparent tendency in avoiding of dialectal words and using Polish lexemes instead (e.g. using 'biodro' instead of 'kulsza', 'kumpiak').
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