The author makes an attempt to discuss the philosophical thought of the Soviet period in the context of European civilization's achievements. Philosophy, as well as all of humanitarian disciplines, has been turned into a kind of theology guided by the sacralized texts of 'Marxist classics' and obliged to create a specific bureaucratic language culture. But if we talk over the philosophical culture of the country named the USSR, we can't boil it down to the mere official dogmatic. Although the philosophical heritage of the pre-revolution Russia has been abandoned off, something of its sedimentations remained inextirpable. The impacts generated by positive sciences, as well as the need to humanize the very ideology moved the philosophical mind of Soviet society to search for the new decisions. Now, referring to the most brilliant thinkers of our common Soviet fatherland, we find out not only deep and non-standard ideas, but also the possibility of dialogue, and the continuity of tradition.
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