The problems of the semantic diffusion in linguistic communication are discussed in the second part of the article, namely on the levels of lexical, sentence and text semantics. The author considers the indefinite character of the metaphorical expressions and because of this introduces a notion 'parasemy'. Phenomenon, which R. Dirven qualified as 'the minimal specification view', was examined in two aspects: 1) sentence semantics and 2) inference understood as a factor of the semantic interpretation of the expressions of this type. In aspect of semantics of the text the author considers two kinds of diffusion - leaning on poetics of the modernism and on poetics of the postmodernism.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.