The specific situation in the Prussian partition area on the eve of the WW I differed considerably from the one prevailing in the Russian and Austrian partitions. The territories in question were inhabited by a Polish and German population, with the Poles constituting about 46% of all residents. Prussia treated the appropriated lands as a guarantee of its position as a power, and thus aimed at their complete integration with the monarchy. This purpose was supposed to be attained by a Germanisation campaign and colonisation. The Polish community effectively opposed this policy by creating a system of various organisations, from economic to cultural. After the outbreak of the war the authorities, fearing an an-mobilisation campaign , interned a large group of Polish activists. The mobilisation, however, was undisturbed. The Poles adopted a realistic attitude, well aware of the fact that any form of resistance would end tragically. The political arena witnessed a complex game played by the authorities and Polish politicians. The Polish politicians who enjoyed authority, created an Inter-Party Circle, whose aim was to oppose all forms of cooperation with the Central Powers; great hopes for a change of circumstances that would prove more beneficial for Poland, were attached to attempts at establishing contacts with France and the United Kingdom.
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