The article discusses the Lisbon Treaty's most important institutional provisions, especially the innovations introduced in 2007. In the first part, the authoress explains the 2007 compromise and the differences between the Lisbon Treaty's major institutional reforms and the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe (TCE). The questions presented include the following: the importance of keeping the structure of both treaties; the set of values proposed in the Lisbon Treaty, as compared with the TCE; integration flexibility (including the allocation of competences); and the status of the Common Foreign and Security Policy. In the second part of the article, an analysis is conducted of the Lisbon Treaty's institutional package, which only slightly differs from the 2004 proposals. The institutional arrangements were not renegotiated in 2007, except for a voting system discussion, which most member state were reluctant to take up. The Lisbon Treaty was rejected in an Irish referendum in June 2008, which only added to uncertainty about its future, as well as causing a suspension of work on Treaty implementation. But a strategy adopted by the EU, and promoted by the French presidency, aims to overcome the crisis, save the Lisbon Treaty and ensure that it does come into force.
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