As opposed to Germany, in Poland there was little interest in a local identity for a long time. The 1960s brought about terms such as 'private homeland' or 'ideological homeland', which were introduced by researchers. Those notions were not significant from the point of view of a socialistic country. Poland was supposed to be a homogeneous and uniform country as far as national values were concerned. This mostly applies to western and northern territories, which became part of Poland after World War II. A typical example of such a case was the Lubuskie region. After the war, the Polish population started to flow into the western and northern territories from all over Poland. The new settlers to the Lubuskie region met not only the leaving Germans, but the Polish autochthons as well. Together with the coming Polish settlers and the establishment of the new Polish administration, the German cultural heritage integration process began. An evident Polish influence on the Lubuskie region was the change in the field of topographic terminology. Unfortunately, all other German traits were eradicated as well. That state of affairs caused particular anxiety among the native Polish population. The percentage of such actions was scarce, especially on the territory of the Lubuskie region, yet the authorities trying to prove their point were emphasizing the fact of their existence. However, many autochthons who were waiting for 'their Poland' felt uneasy about the changes. The settlers who came to the Lubuskie region did not know the history, hence could not remember the past of that area. Everything was unfamiliar to them: the scenery, the landscape, the aesthetic values as well as the symbolic meanings. Moreover, the culture, the buildings, the agriculture development plan and the regional history were all strange to them. However, the passing time gave grounds to a slow yet steady change of the attitude of the new inhabitants towards the land itself as well as the historical background. The recognition and respect of the whole cultural heritage provides a possibility to find a common language with Germans.