The significance of the land communal ownership as a material basis of local self-government is analyzed. It is proved that effective law on delimitation of state and communal land is inefficient. The necessity of adoption of a new law is substantiated as well as proposals regarding its content are formulated.
Peculiarities of judicial system, means of protection of rights, organizational and economic aspects (determination of damages, calculation of income, licensed payments), and examples of judicial cases concerning protection of intellectual property rights are examined.
The article reviews the evolution of university-industry-government collaboration in the Japanese science and technology system. A special attention is given to the analysis of the current state of relations among its key actors and reconfiguration of the university functions according to the Triple Helix model. The case of Tohoku University as one of the leading national universities of Japan is...
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