The paper concerns the inner split in Leszek Kolakowski's thought: between political participation and - usually so called - the first philosophy. The author focuses mainly on the reading of the third part of 'Main Currents of Marxism' and recognizes this part as a crown of the philosopher's reflection on the question of political participation in that time. He makes an objection to Kolakowski that while treating Marxism as a myth, i.e., a harmful falsity, he does not only hunt - like a man of Enlightenment - his previous client, defended in 'The Presence of Myth', but also reveals his own helplessness against mythical powers that he refers to.
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