Związki pomiędzy wysklepieniem podłużnym stóp a wybranymi cechami morfologicznymi studentów wybranych uczelni Podkarpacia i Podbeskidzia / Correlations between the longitudinal and chosen morphological characteristics in students of colleges in Podkarpackie Province and Podbeskidzkie Region
The human foot is an important supporting element and a driving mechanism and therefore contributes to the general fitness of the whole body. A review of studies and researches concerning the built and functions of the foot in people of all ages and in various environments allows one to state that the research results do not provide clear answer to the question which morphological characteristics are of primary significance for the longitudinal foot arch evaluated by means of the Clarke’s angle. The aim of the study was to evaluated the correlations between the longitudinal arch of the foot and chosen morphological characteristics in academic students. A cross-sectional study was carried out in a group of 130 academic students aged 20-28 randomly selected from The University of Rzeszow and Beskidy Higher School of Skills in Żywiec. The chosen morphological characteristics were examined. The longitudinal arch was evaluated by means of Clark’s angle (CL), Sztriter-Godunow index (KY), index of the depth of the longitudinal arch of the foot (Wgwp) and Chippaux-Smirak (CSI) index. The prints of the feet were obtained by means of the non-stain technique invented by Ślężyński. In order to evaluate the correlations between the longitudinal arch of the foot and the chosen morphological characteristics the Pearson’s linear correlation was employed. Slight correlations between the longitudinal arch of foot and the chosen morphological characteristics did not reach the lowest anticipated level of statistical significance. The longitudinal arch in the examined men shows no correlations with the chosen morphological characteristics.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.