Study aim: To assess the handgrip strength in Indian university softball players as dependent on selected hand-anthropometric variables.
Material and methods: Indian university softball players (121 males and 122 females) and untrained controls (98 males and 102 females) aged 18 - 25 years participated in the study. The following variables were recorded: body height and mass, BMI, right hand width and length, lengths of the right 2nd, 3rd and 4th digits and right handgrip strength.
Results: One-way ANOVA showed significant differences (p<0.05 - 0.001) in all the characteristics studied, except body height, right hand length and right 2nd digit length among these four sets of data. The right handgrip strength was significantly correlated (p<0.01 - 0.001) with all the variables studied. Both in male and female softball players, the partition of R2 into the contributions of individual independent variables revealed that body height (18%), hand width (11%), body mass (8%) and hand length (5%) significantly contributed to the total variance (44%) of handgrip strength.
Conclusions: The data might be useful in selecting players and in talent identification for softball.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.