An analysis of transient changes in physiological parameters in response to the standardized tests could be used to evaluate the efficiency of the regulatory processes. Relationships between systolic time intervals and heart rate following the action of standing up from the supine position were investigated in 41 healthy men, aged 20 to 59 years, classified into three groups: (22 to 26 yrs, n=14), (33 to 49, yrs, n=13) and (51 to 59 yrs, n=14). The protocol consisted of the following sequence: laying down (20 minutes) - standing up (8 minutes). Ejection time, pre-ejection period, electromechanical systole, heart rate and the length of R-R intervals were continuously calculated using automatized impedance cardiography and electrocardiogram. The ratio of ejection time to pre-ejection period in young men was significantly higher in comparison with the other groups. The ratio of ejection time to the length of R-R interval increased with age in supine position and after standing up when R-R interval was maximal. It was suggested that changes of ejection time to pre-ejection period during the orthostatic manoeuvre are rather the result of balance between heart rate and hemodynamic factors, than solely related to heart rate.
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