<bold>Purpose.</bold> The paper discusses the influence of students' membership in school sports clubs (SSCs) on their attitudes towards physical education and sport in various types of schools. The aim of the study was to identify the educational effects of school sports clubs. The variables of attitudes towards physical education and sport were compared between SSC members and non-members in various types of schools. <bold>Basic procedures.</bold> A questionnaire was sent out to 623 randomly selected school sports clubs in Poland. A covering letter explained the purpose and procedure of the test. Correctly filled questionnaires were obtained from 103 school sports clubs. 2704 (1452 from SSC members and 1252 from other students) questionnaires were selected for statistical analysis. The diagnostic questionnaire had been developed by Strzyżewski. <bold>Main findings.</bold> The results obtained show that the respondents' attitude towards physical education and sport is positive but reluctant. Despite the strength of the cognitive component (cognitive scores were the highest ones), the actual participation of respondents in extracurricular sports activities turned out to be insufficient (low values of behavioral scores). <bold>Conclusions.</bold> The analysis of attitudes towards physical education among different school students showed that primary school students scored higher than middle school students, and middle school students scored higher than secondary school students in all attitude indexes except for the cognitive component index. The SSC members display more positive attitudes towards physical education and sport than their non-members in all types of schools.
The Act on Physical Education and Sport of 18 January 1996, Official Journal No 130, item 1112 of 17 November 2002 [in Polish] (Ustawa o kulturze fizycznej z dnia 18 stycznia 1996 r. Dz. U. nr 130, poz. 1112 z dnia 17 listopada 2002 r.).
Associations Incorporation Act of 7 April 1989, Official Journal No 79, item 855 of 2001 [in Polish] (Prawo o stowarzyszeniach ustawa z dnia 7 kwietnia 1989 r. Dz. U. nr 79, poz. 855 z 2001 r.).
Tomik, R., Kudlik, W., 10 years of school sports clubs (1994-2004) [in Polish]. Krajowa Federacja Sportu dla Wszystkich, Warszawa 2005.
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