The aim of the study was to present clinical picture, indications for surgery, immediate and remote results of surgical treatment for lateral and median cysts of the neck.
Material and methods. A total of 17247 patients were operated between 1 January 1990 and 31 December 2011 for neck tumors.
Results. Neck cysts were diagnosed in 34 (0.2%) patients, including lateral in 12 (35.3%) and median in 22 (64.7%). Lateral cyst once descended to the mediastinal. Nodular goitres were diagnosed in 17 (50%) of them - with the lateral cysts 4x and median cysts 13x. Guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the cyst-like lesions revealed the presence of protein masses in all patients. The lesions were found to have inflammatory character in 6 patients (17.6%) regarding median cysts (5x) or lateral cyst (1x). Out of them, 3 patients developed purulent inflammatory process. All patients were operated. The operation consisted of radical resection of the cyst only or plus partial resection of both thyroid lobes and total resection of pyramidal lobe if concomitant goitre was found. Two patients required one-stage resection of the enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. Suspected focus of thyroid papillary cancer was found by intra-operative examination in neck median cyst wall in one patient. However, paraffin tests did not confirm the suspicion. Another patient was found by histopathological examination to have active tuberculotic process within both lateral cyst and lymph nodes. The patient received intensive antituberculotic treatment postoperatively.
Conclusions. 1. Median cysts of the neck are more often accompanied by thyroid tumor-like goitres than lateral cysts. 2. Radical resection of the cysts in operative treatment results in good long term patient condition and prevent in recurrence of the illness.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.