<bold>The aim of the study</bold> was to analyse early results of treatment of acute type B aortic dissection.
<bold>Material and methods.</bold> 59 patients, treated between 1998 and 2011, were divided into four groups. Group I comprised ten patients in whom hybrid procedures were performed: extra-anatomical by-pass graft from the brachio-cephalic trunk to the left carotid artery in six patients, transposition of the left carotid artery to the right one in two patients, and reversed Y prosthesis from the brachio-cephalic trunk to both carotids in the remaining 2 patients, to facilitate stent-grafting. Group II comprised 13 patientsin whom endovascular procedures were performed (stent-grafting). Group III comprised 21 patients in whom conventional surgery was done. Group IV comprised 15 patients who were treated conservatively.
<bold>Results.</bold> In group I, a very good clinical outcome, without complications, was achieved in six patients (60% of cases). The total mortality rate was 40%. One patient died on the operation table, following stent-grafting, due to the rupture of the aortic arch. Two patients died as a result of brain damage (cerebral aneurysm rupture in one, and ischemic stroke in the other). In one patient, an aorto-oesophageal fistula developed. In group II, one patient died during endovascular procedure. Another patient suffered from type 1 endoleak, requiring repeated endovascular surgery. In group III, 15 patients (72%) died. Moreover, four patients required acorrective cardiac surgery (Bentall procedure)which in three patients resulted in death. Thus, the total mortality rate in this group was as high as 85%. In group IV, the mortality rate was 13%.
<bold>Conclusions.</bold> We noticed a clear superiority of endovascular procedures over conventional surgeries-for acute type B aortic dissection. Hybrid procedures for acute, complicated type B aortic dissection evidently reduce mortality and postoperative morbidity. Uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissections should be treated conservatively at intensivecare units.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.