To investigate the adverse reactions of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with trastuzumab in the treatment of unresectable live cancer, 85 unresectable liver cancer patients were treated with 35 mg epirubicin, with lipiodol and gelatin sponge granule as the embolic agent, and trastuzumab (4mg/kg) was administered intravenously. All the adverse reactions were investigated by blood routine examination and the checking of liver, renal and thyroid functions on the postoperative 2nd and 30th day. No patients died of direct medication. The main adverse reactions included haematological toxicity, liver function lesion and postoperative syndromes such as nausea, vomiting, fever and liver area aching. Two days after the treatment, the amount of the serum total bilirubin (TB) and white blood cell (WBC) increased dramatically, while platelet (PLT) changed a little, and creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) did not change at all. Thirty days after the treatment, blood routine, liver and renal functions were examined, demonstrating that the liver function remained unchanged, PLT decreased apparently, WBC was lower, and Cr and BUN changed slightly compared to those before the treatment. The combined treatment is safe for unresectable liver cancer and thus can be used as a routine intervention method.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.