During ceftriaxone treatment of subdural empyema caused by Streptococcus intermedius urinary and biliary stones were noticed. Increased levels of urinary calcium excretion were detected during ongoing treatment in comparison with 2 months check-up. There were no significant changes in the promoter/inhibitor urolithiasis parameters, oxalate, citrate, urate, cistine, glycosaminoglycans or their ratios. Urine saturation was calculated using EQUIL 2 computer programme (calcium oxalate, brushite) and it was normal. Probable trigger for the ceftriaxone/calcium hydroxy carbonate phosphate mixture of stones was a critical boost of solubility products caused by ceftriaxone treatment and phospnate urine content with a subsequent large-scale spontaneous precipitation of crystals.
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