To determine the prevalence of high-risk HPV infection before first vaginal intercourse and after initiation of sexual activity in 14-22 years old girls, to find which HPV types occur most commonly. During the gynecologic exam cervical swabs were collected. Specimens were tested using Hybrid Capture 2 DNA test. In positive samples digene HPV genotyping test was performed. Subjects included 264 women, of whom 169 (64.0%) reported previous sexual activity and 95 (36.0%) had not yet had vaginal intercourse. There were 43 cases (16.3%) of high risk HPV, with 39 cases in those reporting sexual activity and 4 in virgins. Single strain HPV infection was detected in 62.8%, two strains in 23.2%, and three strains in 14.0% of subjects. HPV-16 was the most common type (20.9%), next more prevalent types were 18, 56, 31, 33 and 59. HPV-16 or HPV-18 were detected in 39.5% of the subjects. Not a single case was identified containing both types. The prevalence of high-risk HPV is common in sexually active young Lithuanian women. HPV were found in a small percentage of girls who had never had vaginal intercourse. The prevalence of types 16 and 18 among Lithuanian women was higher than in international data.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.