Genitourinary tuberculosis (GUTB) is an extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis seen in 1.2% of all cases of tuberculosis. The clinical case of a 54-year-old woman diagnosed with GUTB is presented. Cloudy urine, abdominal pain, and microscopic hematuria led us to investigate for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Although cultures were negative, positive Ehrlich-Ziehl-Neelsen (EZN) staining and a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed the diagnosis of M. tuberculosis complex (MTC), which was confirmed by treatment success. It has been shown that PCR is a reliable and rapid method for establishing or supporting the diagnosis of tuberculosis and can be used in a routine diagnostic algorithm when conventional methods fail to identify MTC.
 Johnson C.W., Mc Aleer S.J., Johnson W.D., Tuberculosis and other opportunistic infections of the genitourinary system, In: Wein A.J., Kavoussi L.R., Novick A.C., Partin A.W., Peters C.A. (Eds.), Campbell-Walsh Urology, 9th edition, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 2007
 Baylan O., Demiralp B., Cicek E.I., Albay A., Komurcu M., Kisa O. Et al., A case of tuberculous pyomyositis that caused a recurrent soft tissue lesion localized at the forearm. Jpn. J. Infect. Dis., 2005, 58, 376–79
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