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The aim of the study was to evaluate and collect current evidence on the effect of antibiotics in pretreatment of pouchitis after restorative ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). Pubmed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases were searched between 1966 and July 2008; and relevant clinical trials extracted, reviewed, and validated according to the study protocol. The outcome of interest was clinical improvement after treatment. Nine randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials were found relevant and studied but 3 of them with 70 patients were entered into meta-analysis. Pooling of the results from these trials yielded an odds ratio of 15.96 with a 95% CI of 4.20–60.70, indicating a significant OR (p<0.0001) in treatment group in comparison to the placebo group. In conclusion, the meta-analysis confirms benefit of antibiotics in management of pouchitis after IPAA operation.
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