A bimorph-based xz scanner and an amplifier, increasing the capacitance and current measurement sensitivities 250-times and 1000-times, respectively, have been built into the cryostat of a deep level transient spectrometer. The setup renders point by point local capacitance-voltage (C–V) at 1 MHz and dc currentvoltage (I–V) measurements using a sharp tip placed into tunnelling distance from the surface of analysed semiconductor sample. The C–V measurements revealed a strong dependence on the probe/sample separation, ranging from MOS-type at small tunnelling currents to Schottky-type at currents exceeding approximately 10 pA. Marked hysteresis was observed, indicating changes of surface state occupancy. These slow states are otherwise hardly detected, since they are absent in semiconductor/metal contacts and in MOS structures they would become mostly passivated interface states. The setup enables calibrated, fixed zero level capacitance measurement. The stray capacitance is the dominant component of the measured capacitance but it can be easily discarded.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.