The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of three binary alloys’ composition, and their biocompatibility. Depending on the intended use of the medical devices made from these materials, dynamic or static tests should be performed. We have chosen static tests as we thought they may be used as knee or hip replacement, and not as cardiac valves.
Three binary alloys ( Zr10Nb, Zr2.5Nb and Zr12Ta) were obtained from high purity powders (>99.9%), using an induction furnace first, and an electric arc furnace for a perfect homogenization. Their final composition was verified with a XRF analyzer-INNOV-X.
Hemolysis tests can determine the degree of red blood cells lysis and the release of hemoglobin. The released hemoglobin quantity was extremely small, under 2%, in all cases, and the coagulation tests showed no risk for thrombosis. The electrochemical behavior was also studied in biological fluid, human female serum, and showed a low corrosion rate.
The obtained alloys do not cause hemolysis, so they are hemocompatible with all blood types.
 ISO 10993-4:2002/Amd 1:2006 Biological evaluation of medical devices Part 4: Selection of tests for interactions with blond (International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009)
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.