Six samples of propolis were analyzed in the paper: a sample from Brazil, Estonia, China and three samples from different locations of Uruguay. Static headspace technique coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis has been applied for the determination of the characteristic volatile profile with the aim to differentiate the propolis from different regions. Monoterpenes (α- and β-pinenes) were predominant in all samples, except the sample from China. This sample separated itself by the alcohols 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol and 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol, (40.33% and 11.57%, respectively) and ester 4-penten-1-yl acetate (9.04%). α-Pinene and β-pinene composed 64.59–77.56% of volatiles in Brazilian and Uruguayan propolis, and 29.43% in Estonian propolis. Brazilian propolis was distinguished by a high amount of β-methyl crotonaldehyde (10.11%), one of Uruguayan samples 3- by limonene (15.58%), and the Estonian sample - by eucalyptol (25.95%). Statistical investigation of the samples was made applying principal component, hierarchical cluster and K-Means cluster analyses. Various data pre-processing techniques were proposed and used to study and obtain the important volatile compounds contributed to the differentiation of the propolis samples from different regions to separate clusters.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.