Two flavonoids, karanjin (Kj) and karanjachromene (Kc) have been investigated spectrophotometrically for their mode of interactions with double stranded (ds)-DNA at blood (7.4) and stomach (4.7) pH and at human body temperature (37°C). Benesi-Hildebrand equation was used to evaluate the binding constants, K b . Binding constants at both pH values and at body temperature showed stronger binding of both the flavonoids and formation of 1:1 flavonoid-DNA complex via intercalative mode. However, K b values for karanjin were evaluated to be comparatively greater than karanjachromene at both pH values. The highest value of binding constant (1.32×105 M−1) for karanjin at blood pH (7.4) demonstrated its comparatively stronger binding and greater effectiveness at this pH. Standard Gibbs free energy changes (ΔG) of flavonoid-DNA complexes were calculated as negative values and indicative of spontaneity of their binding. Both flavonoids showed significant DNA protection activity. <alternatives> [...] </alternatives>
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