Abstract In this work, FeOOH arrays were obtained using two different magnetic cations. The nanoparticles were grouped into a package having different orientations through the van der Waals interaction with the magnetic cations. With Fe2+, the FeOOH nanoparticles have a rod shape with a 30-nm diameter and approximately 1-micron length, and are aligned in a star structure. With Co2+, a somatoidal shape was observed, with 20-nm diameter and 150-nm length and a pathway structure to the array. The chemical synthesis method was used to obtain the nanoarrays. The morphology and the average size of the nanorods and nanowires were determined using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to study the interaction between the nanorods and the cobalt ions. The phases of the material were identified using X-ray Diffraction. Graphical abstract <alternatives> [...] </alternatives>
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