A method for obtaining carbonaceous adsorbents from pine cones by chemical activation with NaOH is described. Activated carbons were obtained by two methods of activation (physical mixing and impregnation) and two variants of thermal treatment. It has been shown that pine cones can be successfully used as cheap precursor of carbonaceous adsorbents of well-developed surface area, large pore volume and good sorption properties. All activated carbon samples obtained show strongly microporous structure and surface of acidic character. The best physicochemical properties and greatest sorption capacity towards iodine were found for the carbon samples obtained by physical mixing of the precursor with the activating agent and then subjected to thermal activation at 600°C.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.