In the present work the adsorption of some transition metal ions from aqueous solutions on a silica-based nanostructured hybrid material modified by aluminium was investigated. The novel organic-inorganic material was synthesized via a sol-gel method through hydrolysis and co-condensation reactions. Its structure was characterized by means of SEM, XRD and FTIR. Based on the data obtained the most probable cross-linking mechanism for the derived xerogel was proposed. The characterization of its texture parameters was carried out by low-temperature adsorption of nitrogen. The adsorption properties of this material with respect to Cu(II), Cr(III) and Pb(II) ions from single-component aqueous solutions and multi-component aqueous solutions containing also Cd(II) and Fe(III) were evaluated. The effect of contact time, acidity of initial solutions and metal ion concentrations was investigated using the batch method. Pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intraparticle diffusion models were used to analyze kinetic data. In all cases the adsorption was significantly affected by the pH value. Equilibrium modelling data were fitted to linear Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich models. Best fit was observed for Langmuir model, which showed determination coefficients greater than 0.992 for all ions studied. The maximum adsorption capacities for single- and multi-component adsorption were calculated. <alternatives> [...] </alternatives>
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