In the present paper, hydroxyapatite and structurally modified hydroxyapatite were investigated to establish the best material for nicotinic acid adsorption. Structurally modified hydroxyapatite wa prepared by adding sodium silicate in the reaction medium. The influence of silica concentration, presence of small amounts of metal ions, temperature and initial concentrations of nicotinic acid solutions on the adsorption capacity, were studied. Results indicated that structurally modified hydroxyapatite doped with copper adsorbed the highest amount of nicotinic acid. For this material the adsorption capacity was 0.232 mg nicotinic acid / g material, at an initial concentration of 10−4 M nicotinic acid. For all types of materials, best results were obtained at 15°C. The amount of nicotinic acid adsorbed increases with the decrease in temperature and with the increase in the initial concentration of nicotinic acid. Adsorption kinetics data were modeled using pseudo-first and pseudo-second order models while the interference due to diffusion was analyzed with intraparticle diffusion model. The results indicate that pseudo-second order model best describes the adsorption kinetics data, indicating the formation of chemical bonding.
The materials used in this study were characterized by the following methods: IR, Coulter Counter analyzer, Scanning Electron Microscope and BET
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