Microwave saturation of multi-component EPR spectra of oxidized lignite Mequinenza (Spain) with a carbon content of 65.1 wt % and with a high sulphur content of 10.3 wt % was studied. The coal was oxidized with nitric acid (NHO3), peroxyacetic acid (PAA), and in O2/Na2CO3 system. Three different groups of paramagnetic centres exist in the coal samples analyzed. The EPR spectrum of the demineralised coal was a superposition of broad Gauss (ΔB pp = 0.75 mT), broad Lorentz 1 (ΔB pp = 0.42 mT) and narrow Lorentz 3 lines (ΔB pp = 0.08 mT). The three EPR components with linewidths: 0.58–0.77 mT (Gauss line), 0.30–0.39 mT (Lorentz 1 line) and 0.05–0.06 mT (Lorentz 3 line) were recorded for the oxidized coal. The g-values were obtained for the samples studied in the ranges 2.0043–2.0046 (Gauss lines), 2.0035–2.0038 (Lorentz 1 lines) and 2.0032–2.0034 (Lorentz 3 lines). The broad Gauss and Lorentz 1 lines saturate at low microwave powers. The narrow Lorentz 3 lines of demineralised coal were not saturated at microwave power from the range considered. After the coal oxidation with HNO3, PAA and in O2/Na2CO3 system, the microwave saturation of the narrow Lorentz 3 lines was also observed, which indicated a degradation of the multi-ring aromatic structures upon oxidation. <alternatives> [...] </alternatives>
 H. Wachowska, R. Pietrzak and M. Kozłowski: “The Chemical Technology at the Change of the Century”, In: Proceedings of the 3
Congress of Chemical Technology, Gliwice, 5–8 September 2000, Wydawnictwo Stałego Komitetu Kongresów Technologii Chemicznej, Gliwice 2000, pp. 519–522.
Financed by the National Centre for Research and Development under grant No. SP/I/1/77065/10 by the strategic scientific research and experimental development program:
SYNAT - “Interdisciplinary System for Interactive Scientific and Scientific-Technical Information”.